Monday, March 5, 2012

Rachel Adams Listed on Freedmen Labor Contract

Rachel Adams
b. 1840 in Mississippi
Wife of Mingo Adams
Photo Courtesy of Cynthia Crump, Direct Descendant

While researching freedmen labor contracts for my Mississippi counties of interest, I found one that connects to my family. The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, commonly called the Freedmen's Bureau, was established by Congress to supervise all affairs relating to refugees and freedmen, including the writing of labor contracts of planters/farmers with freedmen. Only a small portion of former slaves had labor contracts.

In 1866, Mingo Adams and his wife Rachel made a one year contract with farmers Henry Cato and David McRee of Copiah County, MS. They were to receive half of the cotton, corn, potatoes, and other products minus the market prices for meal, molasses, sugar, coffee, etc. They were also responsible for farm animals and tools for cultivation.

Mingo was a slave of the Cato family, not sure who was Rachel's slave owner. Mingo and Rachel's descendants married into my maternal family.

Freedmen Labor Contract - List of Freedmen
Planter: Henry Cato and David McRee
Plantation: D. McRee
County: Copiah
Date: January 01, 1866

Luke Redrick
Ann Redrick
Mingo Adams
Rachel Adams

Tony Coleman
Anderson Franklin
Phylis Franklin
John Ervin
Samuel Redrick
Willis Ferril
Mariah Ferril
Lydia Holmes
Harriett Thomas
Levie Newel, daughter of Jack Newel
Jack Newel, father of Levi

SOURCES
Freedmen's Bureau Labor Contracts - Mississippi
Microfiche Number: 49-007
Jefferson County Deed Book E - Pages 451 & 452 - (Deeds of Gift 1842
Microfilm Number: 12012
Jefferson County Deed Book G - Pages 89 & 125 (Deeds of Gift 1849)
Microfilm Number: 12013
Records are found at Mississippi Department of Archives and History

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